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Fascia Soffit Repair
The fascia board and soffit plywood rotted because it rested on the roof shingles and soaked up rain water. The wood fascia board was replaced with rot-proof PVC composite board. Flashing is installed at the roof valley to channel the rain water away from the fascia and soffit.

HOW TO REPAIR ROTTED SOFFIT AND FASCIA
The rotted area is shown here where the fascia board rests on the main roof:



ROTTED FASCIA AND SOFFIT
I noticed the plywood soffit was cracked and curling under the eaves on where it contacted the main roof. It was difficult to fully assess the problem from ground level, so I got a ladder and zoomed in with my camera. Definitely a water intrusion problem here:

ATTIC INSPECTION
I didn’t have to wait very long for a rainy day to look at the problem from inside the attic. I carefully maneuvered myself in the attic to get a look at soffit from the inside. I did this for two reasons:

To see the extent of the rain water intrusion.
To better understand the soffit and frame construction.

I couldn’t get close enough to the exterior wall to see into the soffit cavity due to the wedge of the roof and nails sticking out, but I was able to reach out with the camera and take photos. There are several problems here:

Rain water is soaking the fascia board where it contacts the roof. This is the blackened area.
Rain water is leaking and pooling on top of the plywood soffit.
Squirrels have gotten into the attic at some point during the last 9 years to store nuts, leaving a mess

Closeup of the fascia board water damage where it lays on the roof. It was raining when I took these photos. The rain water is leaking onto and behind the fascia board.

I checked between the roof rafters along the soffit. The story was pretty much the same along this section of the soffit. Rain water intrusion and nuts from squirrels in the attic.

Notice the large carpenter’s gap between the OSB roof deck and the top of the fascia board in the above photo. The shingles lay over the carpenter’s gap into the gutter. Such a large gap in my opinion is sloppy construction and squirrels can get into the attic by wiggling or gnawing through this gap. All my neighbors say their houses are were built the same way with this large ~2″ gap between the roof deck and fascia. A 1/2″ gap is reasonable but not a 2 inches!

I asked my county building inspector if this was a building code violation, he said there’s nothing in building code on this topic, but if he were on an inspection and saw such a gap he would make the builder rework it. I also spoke with a roofing contractor that I met at a roofing supply store near Atlanta. He nodded knowingly at my problem description and that said particular county had updated the local building code specifically to address this issue.

To keep squirrels out of the attic, you can block the gap between the roof deck and fascia by installing:

Wire hardware cloth (wire mesh) under the shingles to keep critters out.
Roof drip edge flashing to cover the gap. Also called “eave drip” flashing.
I later had my roof replaced and drip edge flashing installed to cover the carpenter’s gap. The attic has been 100% squirrel free ever since.
Gutter covers that fit under the shingles and also cover the ends of the gutter.I chose this option. More details later in this article.
Hint: If you decide to install drip edge flashing, you won’t find many options at the “big box” home improvement stores. Your best bet is to visit a roofing supply store where the professionals shop. I found the sales people at Commercial Roofing Specialties, Inc. to be friendly and helpful with a huge selection of tools and materials.

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